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film criticism by maryann johanson | since 1997

Stray documentary review: a dog’s eye view of humanity, from the outside

Stray green light

MaryAnn’s quick take…

A bittersweet, multilayered vérité portrait of the street dogs of Istanbul. Startlingly immersive, howling with moral questions about what we owe these creatures of intelligence, dignity, and feeling.
I’m “biast” (pro): big ol’ dog lover; desperate for movies by women
I’m “biast” (con): nothing
(what is this about? see my critic’s minifesto)
women’s participation in this film
female director, female screenwriter, female coprotagonist
(learn more about this)

Documentarian Elizabeth Lo opens her bittersweet, multilayered feature debut with this skewer of a quote from the ancient Greek philosopher Diogenes: “Human beings live artificially and hypocritically and would do well to study the dog.” So here is a study.

Lo — who not only directed Stray but also produced, shot, and edited it — joins the society of street dogs of Istanbul, moving among them mostly at their eye level. From this startlingly immersive perspective, we meet handsome Zeytin, with her soulful eyes and stolid nobility, and playful puppy Kartal, and a few others. There is no narration: this is a vérité portrait of the dogs’ friendships and rivalries and their interactions with humans. Some people are kind, but most are indifferent, and these dogs, for whom humans are neither masters nor owners, seem to consider us their equals. Even if we do not always meet them on their level.


Zeytin is unruffled by Istanbul’s intense traffic…

That, too, is an unexpected doggy outlook: we are used to imagining that dogs see us as gods, and our movies typically reflect that. But the situation in Istanbul is an unusual one: it is illegal in Turkey to capture or euthanize homeless animals, and the city teems with them. (Do the Istanbul street cats of 2017’s documentary Kedi make an appearance? They do!)

The subtext of Stray is one of, well, howling moral questions. Is it a kindness that these dogs have been left to live their lives by their own wits and luck, or is it a cruelty, when dogs only exist at all because we humans shaped them to be our companions? (Lo’s juxtaposition of the dogs with a group of refugee teenagers also living on the streets is powerfully poignant, and very, very pointed.)

Zeytin and her friends aren’t feral: they are well socialized to humans and very much a part of city culture, in every way. They are creatures of intelligence, dignity, and feeling, and inescapably a part of us, no matter what distance we choose to keep them at.

first viewed during the mostly virtual 64th BFI London Film Festival, in pandemic year 2020

Stray is now playing in US virtual cinemas and UK virtual cinemas, which help support brick-and-mortar arthouses during the coronavirus pandemic, and is also available on demand; links below help support FlickFilosopher.com.

Click here for my ranking of this and 2021’s other new films.

green light 4 stars

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Stray (2021) | directed by Elizabeth Lo
US/Can release: Mar 05 2021 (VOD)
UK/Ire release: Mar 26 2021 (VOD)

MPAA: not rated
BBFC: rated 18 (drug misuse)

viewed at home on PR-supplied physical media or screening link

official site | IMDb | trailer
more reviews: Movie Review Query Engine | Rotten Tomatoes

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